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When? Train new employees in company safety policies within the first two to three weeks after hire. The sooner the better! However, attempting to integrate safety training with the numerous human resource policies and procedures which new employees must learn could cause information overload. Address safety in separate training sessions to ensure that the new employee recognizes the importance of the company safety program, and of his or her responsibility to work safely.
How Much? The extent of safety training will depend on the degree and the number of hazards that have been identified in the operation. Training could last from 30 minutes to several days. To assure that the amount of time scheduled is adequate, conduct a thorough hazard evaluation of all operations and processes.
Training Technique. The training technique selected is directly related to the training objective. The objectives should be action-oriented (i.e., perform, demonstrate, accomplish, etc.). The chosen training technique should take into consideration that learning is accomplished with all the senses; taste, touch, smell, hearing, and sight. Each of these impact learning to varying degrees.

Sense Percent of Learning
Taste 1%
Touch 1.5%
Smell 3.5%
Hearing 11%
Sight 83%

Based on these percentages, there is a tendency to concentrate on the sense of sight (written instruction, videos, etc.). In some situations this may be the right way to go; however, in the majority of training sessions, the use of multiple senses is the most effective. Get the employees involved in the training session. Hands-on demonstrations of safe work practices after instruction, with individual supervision, are the most effective.
Follow-Up. Evaluate initial safety training to ensure that it has been effectively received and assimilated by the new employee. These evaluations should be conducted by the trainer according to an established schedule, and then on an ongoing basis by the immediate supervisor. Any behavior that is recognized as needing correction or modification must be corrected on the spot.
If the learner hasn’t learned, the teacher hasn’t taught!

© 2008 The Hartford Loss Control Department, All Rights Reserved. CFLC 37 Backing Heavy Equipment Safely. The information provided in these materials is intended to be general and advisory in nature. It shall not be considered legal advice. The Hartford does not warrant that the implementation of any view or recommendation contained herein will: (i) result in the elimination of any unsafe conditions at your business locations or with respect to your business operations; or (ii) will be an appropriate legal or business practice. The Hartford assumes no responsibility for the control or correction of hazards or legal compliance with respect to your business practices, and the views and recommendations contained herein shall not constitute our undertaking, on your behalf or for the benefit of others, to determine or warrant that your business premises, locations or operations are safe or healthful, or are in compliance with any law, rule or regulation. Readers seeking to resolve specific safety, legal or business issues or concerns related to the information provided in these materials should consult their safety consultant, attorney or business advisors.

Cheryl Graham, Vice President of Marketing

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